Around 200 people attended the pre-planned demonstration on St Mark's Road in Millfield on Saturday, October 6, 2012, where a former council transport depot is being converted into a mosque for up to 150 Pakistani Muslims.
The English Defence League, Scottish Defence League and Sunderland Anti-Fascist Coalition were among the protesters.
Police have now charged 13 people with public order offences, one person has been given a caution and one person has been issued with a fixed penalty notice.
All those who have been charged are banned from attending any demonstrations in Sunderland or entering St Mark's Road or Chester Road.
Chief Superintendent Kay Blyth from Sunderland Area Command, said: "We were disappointed a protest that was planned and resulted disorder.
"This had a huge impact on local residents and since then we have been working closely with the local community and partner agencies to respond to community concerns and make people feel safer.