The protesters under the aegis of the Academic Forum of the Islamic Movement In Nigeria (AFIMN), decried the deteriorating eye condition of Zakzaky.
S.I. Ahmed, who spoke on behalf of others, expressed worry over Zakzaky's health, said it is now 125 days since the judgment of Justice Gabriel Kolawole for his release within 45 days.
"It is now obvious that those in the corridors of power flout th laws of the land with impunity," he said.
Speaking to the protesters, the Chief Whip of the House of Representatives, Ado Doguwa pledged that the assembly is looking into the case.
The prominent cleric and his wife were taken into custody on December 14, 2115, after deadly clashes between the supporters of the IMN movement and Nigerian troops.
Nearly 350 members of the Shia movement were killed in the clashes. The sheikh was brutally injured and his house was reportedly destroyed by the army in the incident.
The judge said he had given 45 days for authorities to provide new accommodation for the Zakzaky family. The accommodation is to be in the town of Zaria, Kaduna state, where the family were detained, or in other parts of the state or alternatively any other part of northern Nigeria.
Kolawole said the State Security Service would pay each of Sheikh Zakzaky and his wife $78,984 in compensation for the violation of their rights by being held in unlawful custody for nearly a year.
Nearly 100 IMN supporters were killed when Nigerian forces fired live rounds and tear gas at mourners during a peaceful march ahead of the Arbaeen mourning rituals, which mark 40 days after the martyrdom anniversary of Imam Hussein (AS), the third Shia Imam. Authorities also destroyed a number of buildings belonging to the IMN.
The Nigerian government has stepped up its crackdown on the IMN since the December 2015 deadly incident.