Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, Gar-e-Hira, Jannat ul-Baqi, Jannatul Maula & Fudhail Bin Iyadh

  • News Code : 157322
  • Source : Aulia-e-hind

1. Makkah/Makkah; Ka'aba, Hajar al-Aswad, Hijr Ismail, Well of Zamzam, Jannat al-Mualla cemetary,
     Jabal Nur, Masjid Hudaibiya, Jabal Rahmah, Masjid Numrah
2. Medina; Masjid an-Nabawi, Masjid Quba, Jannatul Baqi cemetary, Grave of Hamza, Masjid Qiblatayn
3. Jeddah; Grave of Lady Hawa (Eve, wife of Adam)
4. Jabal al Lawz (near Al Bad') alternative site of Mt. Sinai

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Prophets-SAW Makkah house plan


Prophet's Masjid in Medina; Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) is buried there.

Al-Masjid an-Nabawi or the Masjid of the Prophet, in Medina, is the second holiest Masjid in Islam. Al-Masjid al-Haram in Makkah is the holiest Masjid; the Al-Aqsa Masjid (adjacent to the Dome of the Rock, in Jerusalem) is the third holiest in Islam.

The original Masjid was built by the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w). Subsequent Islamic rulers greatly expanded and decorated the Masjid. The most important feature of the site is the green dome over the center of the Masjid, where the tomb of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) is located. Constructed in 1817C.E. and painted green in 1839C.E., it is known as the Dome of the Prophet. (Early Muslim leaders Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattab are buried in an adjacent area as well.)

The edifice was originally Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w)'s house; he settled there after his Hijrah (emigration) to Medina, later building a Masjid on the grounds. He himself shared in the heavy work of construction. The original Masjid was an open-air building. The basic plan of the building has been adopted in the building of other Masjids throughout the world.

The Masjid also served as a community center, a court, and a religious school. There was a raised platform for the people who taught the Qur'an.

Ar-Rawdah an-Nabawiyah
At the heart of the Masjid is a very special but small area named ar-Rawdah an-Nabawiyah, which extends from the tomb of the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) to his pulpit. All pilgrims attempt to visit and pray in ar-Rawdah, for there is a tradition that supplications and prayers uttered here are never rejected. Entrance into ar-Rawdah is not always possible (especially during the Hajj season), as the tiny area can accommodate only a few hundred people. Ar-Rawdah has two small gateways manned by Saudi soldiers charged with preventing overcrowding in the tiny area. The green fence at the tomb of Muhammad (s.a.w) is guarded by Wahhabi volunteers; they stop pilgrims from touching the fence, a gesture of worship that the Wahhabis regard as shirk, idolatry.

The structure called Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w)'s pulpit is also guarded by a Wahhabi volunteer, who attempts to keep pilgrims from touching the pulpit. The current marble pulpit was constructed by the Ottomans. The original pulpit was much smaller than the current one, and constructed of palm tree wood, not marble.


Saudi expansion of the Masjid
The original Masjid was not that large, and today the original exists only as a small portion of the larger Masjid. From 1925, after Medina surrendered to Ibn Sa'ud, the Masjid was gradually expanded until 1955 when extensive rennovations were carried out. The latest renovations took place under King Fahd and have greatly increased the size of the Masjid, allowing it to hold a large number of worshippers and pilgrims. It is also completely air-conditioned and decorated with marble.
The newer and older sections of the Masjid are quite distinct. The older section has many colorful decorations and numerous small pillars.

The Masjid is located in what was traditionally the center of Medina, with many hotels and old markets nearby. It is a major pilgrimage site and many people who perform the Hajj later go on to Medina to visit the Masjid.

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Hira, the cave where the angel Gabriel is said to have first visited Muhammad (s.a.w).

Gar-e-Hira or the Cave of Hira is a cave on the peak name Jabal al-Nour in the Hejaz region of present day Saudi Arabia. It is most notable as the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w), received his first revelations from God through the angel Jibril

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Click to Enlarge


Jannat al-Baqi (also spelt Jannat ul-Baqi) is a famous cemetery in Madinah, Saudi Arabia, located right across from the Masjid al-Nabawi. It is well known since many of Muhammad s.a.w. relatives and companions are buried here, and due to its sanctity. Its name means "Tree Garden of Heaven". Many traditions relate Muhammad issuing a prayer every time he passed the cemetery.


Jannatul Baqi had Dargah's and Mazaars in that place
before the saudis destroyed them.

Prior to the twentieth century, many of the graves were covered with domes or other structures.


However, after the city of Madinah was taken by the Wahabbi forces of Ibn Saud, many of these buildings and tombs, originally intended to identify famous figures and enable Muslims to receive blessings or petition saints buried there for their intercession, were destroyed, in order to keep with the Wahabbi ideal of not venerating graves.


Despite this, the graves of many historic figures continue to be visited by numerous pilgrims and burials continue at the cemetery to this day as well.

After the demolition of 1925, Saudi authorities have stepped up restrictions with regards to visiting graves. Shias come to Jannatul Baqi to pay respect to their leaders, and this often involves invoking the dead and reciting salutations. However, this goes against the principles of the Wahabbi interpretation of Islam, state-sanctioned within Saudi Arabia, and the result is that often books and maps of the graves are confiscated by the authorities.

Many Shia continue to mourn the day that the House of Saud demolished graves in the Baqi cemetery, calling this day Yaum e Gham, literally meaning Day of Sorrow. They continue to protest the Saudi government's continuous demolition of shrines and ancient Masjids in Saudi Arabia built over shrines.



Jannatul Maula had Dargah's and Mazaars in that place before the saudis destroyed them.


People Buried at Jannat al-Baqi
All of Prophet Muhammad's wives, except for Khadijah
Prophet Muhammad's son Ibrahim who died in infancy
Fatima Zahra, Prophet Muhammad's daughter, in a unknown grave.
Many of prophet Muhammad's aunts
Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib, uncle of prophet Muhammad
Hasan ibn Ali, 2nd Shia Imam, grandson of prophet Muhammad
Ali ibn Husayn, 4th Shia Imam, great-grandson of prophet Muhammad
Muhammad al-Baqir, 5th Shia Imam
Jafar Sadiq, 6th Shia Imam
Malik ibn Anas, Islamic jurist
Imam Shamil, Chechen leader
Uthman ibn Affan, after later extensions.
Many other companions of Muhammad.


The Grave of Abu Obedah R .A. ( Muhammed S.A.W_'s Companion )

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Fudhail Bin Iyadh Bin Masood Bin Bishr Al-Tamimi aka Abul Fadhl and Abu Ali, was an early day Sufi Saint, a successor to Abdul Waahid Bin Zaid, third link in the Sufi Silsilah of Chishti Order, and the Master of Ibrahim Bin Adham.  It is said that he was a highwayman before finding God and repenting. He died on 3rd Rabiul Awwal, 187 Hijri in Holy Kaaba. His grave is in Jannatul Ma’la, the graveyard in Makkah

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Jannatul Maula

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The tree of our beloved Muhammad (s.a.w) where he took shelter.

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The grave of Hz. Um Hewa (a.s.) (Mother Eve) in Jiddah,

The tombs of Hajar and Ishmael (a.s.) next to Kaaba Sharif,

The tomb of Hz. Aba Adam (a.s.), which is beneath the Kaaba itself.

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A historic photograph of Bab Al Salam (gate of peace) in Masjid-Al Nabawi Sharif in Madinah.

Jannat ul Baqi - Baqi cemetery, where the wives and companions of the prophet Muhammad are buried.

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